Cornacully : Court Tomb

Grid RefH 021 454
GPSH 02141 45432 (8m)
Longitude7° 58' 1.43" W
Latitude54° 21' 26.91" N
ITM east480366
ITM north584435
Nearest TownGarrison (10.4 Km)
OS Sheet17
UTM zone29U
UTM x449041
UTM y5761192
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Visit Notes

Sunday, 26th June 2005

When the farmer gives you directions and then says 'Good luck!' you know you're in for an interesting time. The walk to this site started off ok, but soon became very boggy. Luckily I was soon out of the dip and in the dry again.

After walking past the ruins of what was probably the original homestead on this farm the monument is approached along a ridge which takes onto the spit of land that the tomb sits on. This overlooks a large water meadow, which may well have been a small lake thousands of years ago.

It is really hard to decide which of the stones are in the right place and which have been moved to build the two enclosures that butt up to it. There is certainly one chamber of the gallery that is complete, but little else. If my interpretation is correct then the 'good' bit was the north-facing entrance. To the 'rear' of the tomb there is a line of orthostats , which probably came from the court or the kerb, but now form a low wall.

This really is a very confusing site.

A barrow is essentially a mound of earth over one or more burials. They are more usually to be dated to the Bronze Age. There are many forms of barrow including ring, bowl, long and bell barrows.

Ring barrows are formed by digging a circular trench or fosse around a central burial, with no mound.

Bowl barrows are formed by heaping up soil over the burial(s) from a surrounding fosse, these often have an external bank too (see Ballyremon Commons (County Wicklow)).

Bell barows are simply round mounds with no fosse or external bank.

Long barrows are rare in Ireland and are more common in southwest England. Their shape is basically ovoid rather than round (see Ballynoe (County Down))

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About Coordinates Displayed

This is an explanation of (and a bit of a disclaimer for) the coordinates I provide.

Where a GPS figure is given this is the master for all other coordinates. According to my Garmin these are quite accurate.

Where there is no GPS figure the 6 figure grid reference is master for the others. This may not be very accurate as it could have come from the OS maps and could have been read by eye. Consequently, all other cordinates are going to have inaccuracies.

The calculation of Longitude and Latitude uses an algorithm that is not 100% accurate. The long/lat figures are used as a basis for calculating the UTM & ITM coordinates. Consequently, UTM & ITM coordinates are slightly out.

UTM is a global coordinate system - Universal Transverse Mercator - that is at the core of the GPS system.

ITM is the new coordinate system - Irish Transverse Mercator - that is more accurate and more GPS friendly than the Irish Grid Reference system. This will be used on the next generation of Irish OS maps.

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