In the same field as Tomb 26 is this more interesting one. The boulder kerb is equal to that of 26, but there is still some of the passage and chamber left in the centre. On the day of my visit there were also cows in the centre!
The orthostats of the chamber clearly form a cruciform shape, which surprised me a little as I expected all the Carrowmore tombs to be of the simple passageless dolmen-like style.
A kerb is a ring of stones placed around the perimeter of a burial mound or cairn. It basically serves the purpose of a retaining wall to keep the cairn or earth in place. Kerbs are usually associated with passage tombs, but do occur on court tombs and wedge tombs too.
Sometimes on passage tombs the stones can bear decoration, such as at Newgrange (County Meath).
A barrow is essentially a mound of earth over one or more burials. They are more usually to be dated to the Bronze Age. There are many forms of barrow including ring, bowl, long and bell barrows.
Ring barrows are formed by digging a circular trench or fosse around a central burial, with no mound.
Bowl barrows are formed by heaping up soil over the burial(s) from a surrounding fosse, these often have an external bank too (see Ballyremon Commons (County Wicklow)).
Bell barows are simply round mounds with no fosse or external bank.
Long barrows are rare in Ireland and are more common in southwest England. Their shape is basically ovoid rather than round (see Ballynoe (County Down))
There's no better place to start a day in Sligo than at Carrowmore. I decided to come to this tomb first to try and get my bearings on Carrowmore Tomb 37 (County Sligo), because I knew it could be seen from here.
I couldn't get over just how big Knocknarea looked today! Perhaps it is something to do with the autumnal light, but it's never looked so huge to me before.
I took the photos for a panoramic view of the mountains that encircle Carrowmore (see right of page).
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This is an explanation of (and a bit of a disclaimer for) the coordinates I provide.
Where a GPS figure is given this is the master for all other coordinates. According to my Garmin these are quite accurate.
Where there is no GPS figure the 6 figure grid reference is master for the others. This may not be very accurate as it could have come from the OS maps and could have been read by eye. Consequently, all other cordinates are going to have inaccuracies.
The calculation of Longitude and Latitude uses an algorithm that is not 100% accurate. The long/lat figures are used as a basis for calculating the UTM & ITM coordinates. Consequently, UTM & ITM coordinates are slightly out.
UTM is a global coordinate system - Universal Transverse Mercator - that is at the core of the GPS system.
ITM is the new coordinate system - Irish Transverse Mercator - that is more accurate and more GPS friendly than the Irish Grid Reference system. This will be used on the next generation of Irish OS maps.