Cappaghkennedy : Cairn

Grid RefR 310 980
GPSR 30986 97970 (3m)
Longitude9° 1' 43.45" W
Latitude53° 1' 40.79" N
ITM east480366
ITM north584435
Nearest TownCorrofin (9.6 Km)
OS Sheet51
UTM zone29U
UTM x449041
UTM y5761192
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Visit Notes

Sunday, 21st September 2008

This is the large cairn on the top of this open hilltop. It is nearly 2m tall and over 15m in diameter. Unlike the other two cairns on the hill this one is not overgrown with grass. An OS trig point has been placed on top of it.

The views from here are amazing. Large swathes of the Burren are visible and there is some amazing geological formations on show. It may be ankle-breaking to get up here, but it is truly worth it. You can just see the wedge tomb when you stand on the top of the cairn.

There's a rather odd construction of cinder building blocks next to the cairn. It doesn't seen to form any sort of enclosure and so perhaps represents something that was started but never finished. A Black plastic pipe leads from one part of this indicating that there may be a spring up here. If so, this could indicate why a cairn was erected here: water emerging from a hilltop is a phenomenon to be marked.

If you do venture up here be sure to have good footwear. Do not come up here unprepared, because just one trip and you could be stuck there with a broken ankle.

Wedge tombs are most easily catagorised by their main characteristic - they are taller and wider at the entrance than they are at the rear. Like court tombs they have a gallery which is split either by septal slabs or sill stones into smaller chambers. Galleries can be anything up to 8m in length.

The side walls are, uniquely, made of two rows of stones (three in some cases), which is refered to as double or triple walling. This double walling is perhaps the best feature to identify a wedge tomb by.

The roofs are constructed by laying large blocks or slabs across the gallery, resting on the tops of the walls.

They are often quite small, an amazing exception being Labbacallee (County Cork), one of the largest in Ireland. It is very rare to find a wedge tomb with its roof still in situ, although, occasionally, one or two of the roof slabs are present (see Proleek (County Louth)).

In some examples the roof would have extended beyond the front closing slab forming a portico at the front, which in a few specimens was split by a vertical stone place centrally in the entrance.

Like court tombs, portal tombs and passage tombs they were covered by a cairn, which, at many sites, it is still often possible to determine. A few, such as Burren SW (County Cavan), still retain a large proportion of the cairn.

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About Coordinates Displayed

This is an explanation of (and a bit of a disclaimer for) the coordinates I provide.

Where a GPS figure is given this is the master for all other coordinates. According to my Garmin these are quite accurate.

Where there is no GPS figure the 6 figure grid reference is master for the others. This may not be very accurate as it could have come from the OS maps and could have been read by eye. Consequently, all other cordinates are going to have inaccuracies.

The calculation of Longitude and Latitude uses an algorithm that is not 100% accurate. The long/lat figures are used as a basis for calculating the UTM & ITM coordinates. Consequently, UTM & ITM coordinates are slightly out.

UTM is a global coordinate system - Universal Transverse Mercator - that is at the core of the GPS system.

ITM is the new coordinate system - Irish Transverse Mercator - that is more accurate and more GPS friendly than the Irish Grid Reference system. This will be used on the next generation of Irish OS maps.

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