|Carrowreagh - Kist|
This site reminds me a lot of Aghamore (County Leitrim). It is in a slightly worse state, but there's something wonderful about this place. When you first see it you ar efooled into thinking that it's a lot more complete than it is due to the presence of a low, modern wall surrounding the remians of its cairn . This wall was obviously constructed from the cairn itself as the stones match those in the cairn - small, flat slabs.
The court would have been at the northwest end, but this area is in total disarray. The gallery is much better. This is, unusually, diamond-shaped - well, more like a truncated kite. The entrance is just under 2m wide. This widens to over 3m wide by the jambs that divide the gallery in two, and then returns to around 2m at the backstone. The nature of the surrounding land and the fact that it has a thick, undulating peat covering means that all the views are blocked. The main visible feature is rounded peak about 1.5km to the northeast.
A cairn is a large pile of stones, quite often (but not always) containing a burial. Sometimes they have a kerb around the base.
Most cairns are hemi-spherical (like half a football), but the piles of stones used to cover wedge tombs, court tombs and portal tombs are also called cairns. When associated with these types of monument they are not always round, but sometimes rectangular or trapezoidal.
In wedge tombs and court tombs the burial compartment is known as a gallery and collectively wedge and court tombs are called classified as 'gallery graves'. This is because the inner area is long and narrow, i.e. bascially rectangular, in plan.
In court tombs the gallery is usually divided into two or more chambers by jambs. Wedge tombs are segmented by sill stones, as are a few court tombs.
Two stones place either side of a gallery, opposite each other, but not touching so as to leave a gap, that are used to segment it into smaller chambers.
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This is an explanation of (and a bit of a disclaimer for) the coordinates I provide.
Where a GPS figure is given this is the master for all other coordinates. According to my Garmin these are quite accurate.
Where there is no GPS figure the 6 figure grid reference is master for the others. This may not be very accurate as it could have come from the OS maps and could have been read by eye. Consequently, all other cordinates are going to have inaccuracies.
The calculation of Longitude and Latitude uses an algorithm that is not 100% accurate. The long/lat figures are used as a basis for calculating the UTM & ITM coordinates. Consequently, UTM & ITM coordinates are slightly out.
UTM is a global coordinate system - Universal Transverse Mercator - that is at the core of the GPS system.
ITM is the new coordinate system - Irish Transverse Mercator - that is more accurate and more GPS friendly than the Irish Grid Reference system. This will be used on the next generation of Irish OS maps.